Egyptian Exhibit https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/ Egyptian Exhibit Detail of Egyptian Beads The original paperwork on this artifact states: necklace from the chest of an Egyptian mummy. This necklace is most likely a late nineteenth or early twentieth century implementation of Egyptian beads taking into consideration that no stringed piece of jewelry would have survived this long and many items were repurposed after an unwrapping party. (EL 1988.324.1) https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=92799313 92799313 Egyptian Beads Silver, amber, and glass beads have been used in various cultures across the centuries. This particular set was donated by Mrs. Nancy Fish Barnum in 1896. She also donated the mummy, Pa-Ib, and many other curiosities in the collection. (EL 1988.324.1) https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=92799317 92799317 Mummy Wrappings Unfortunately, at unwrapping parties, mummies were mishandled and exposed to poor conditions. Wrappings such as these continue to make Pa-Ib a very fragile artifact as she continues to age here at The Barnum Museum. (T2009.57.1) https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=92799314 92799314 Coffin Details Egyptian Life The crown worn by the king depicted on the coffin resembles the White Crown of Upper Egypt. The crook and flail that are being held by the king are classic examples of royal regalia in ancient Egypt. Information on the coffin suggests that it was made 2,500 years ago in the Upper Egyptian city of Akhim during the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty. https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=93624148 93624148 Workers in the Afterlife Burial in ancient Egypt was an important part of life. To replicate that life after death, small statuettes called ushabti or shabti were entombed with the body to provide workers in the afterlife. These figures would have been prized finds at an unwrapping party. (number unknown) https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=92799315 92799315 Funerary Figurines Detailed shabti were buried with the wealthy and depicted servants, gods, or other substitutes for the dead. These funerary figurines were mass produced in more simplistic materials such as this iron figurine for those who could not afford luxury burials. (number unknown) https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=92799316 92799316 Revealing Details Excavation of the sphinx occurred after Barnum's death, but a craze had started for all things Egyptian during his life time. Logistical problems in clearing the sand delayed revealing the monument, as it is seen in this picture, until 1936. (number unknown) https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=96570833 96570833 Who is Pa-Ib? The name "Pa-Ib" comes from a translation of an inscription on the mummy's coffin. During the 20th century, the most readily available information came from the mummy itself. It was believed that the mummy was a male and the third prophet of the god Min. Recent studies have indicated that the mummy is not original to the coffin and visa versa. https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=93624147 93624147 Eye on the Future Pa-Ib has been a source of scientific study ever since she arrived at the Barnum Museum over one hundred years ago. Painted on the outside of many coffins was the wedjat, or false eye of Horus, so that mummies could continue to look out into the world. Perhaps Pa-Ib is just as fascinated with the process of scientific inquiry as we are. https://www.barnummuseumexhibitions.org/apps/photos/photo?photoID=93624149 93624149